The Digestive System: Accessory Organs
· There are many organs that are important to the body’s digestive system. The organs that that are not included in the digestive process, but are accessory organs include:
o Pancreas o Salivary Glands o Liver o Gallbladder
Pancreas:
The pancreas produces digestive juices such as, amylase, proteinase, and lipase, which are secreted
through the pancreatic duct to the duodenum which is part of the small intestine. These digestive
juicesbreak down carbohydrates (amylase), proteins (proteinase), and fats (lipase) into simpler compounds.
Another function of the pancreas is to produce insulin. The pancreas lies beneath the stomach and is
connected to the small intestine, specifically the duodenum. The pancreas also produces the body most
important enzymes. These enzymes are designed to digest food and break down starches.

Salivary Glands:
The main function of the salivary glands is to produce saliva. Saliva is secreted into the mouth via the
salivary ducts which are located in the cheeks and under the tongue. An interesting fact about the salivary
glands is that, more than a liter of saliva is secreted into the mouth everyday.

Liver:
The main function of the liver is to produce bile. Once bile is produced by the liver it is stored in
the gallbladder which is located behind the liver. The liver is also important for producing cholesterol.
The liver produces about 80% of the cholesterol in your body. Another function of the liver is to assist
in the digestion process. The liver weighs about 3 pounds and it lies on the right side of your body
right under the diaphragm.

Gallbladder: